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Generell Terminologi



Japansk tallsystem
 
Ichi 1   Kyu 9  
Ni 2   Ju 10
San 3   Ju Ichi 11  
Shi 4  Ni Ju 20  
Go 5  Ni Ju Ichi 21  
Roku 6  Yon ju 40  
Hichi 7  Nana Ju 70  
Hachi 8  Hyaku 100  


Hand and Foot Weapons
0. SeikenKnuckle(fore) fist
1. Dai Ken ToLarge knuckles of hand
2. Sho Ken ToSecond knuckles of hand
3. KentsuiHammerfist
4. UrakenBackfist
5. NukiteSpearhand
6. ShutoSword (knife) hand
7. ShoteiPalm heel
8. Ippon KenOne knuckle, one point fist
9. ShuhoMountain hand (back two knuckles of a peaked hand)
10. UrashutoInverted sword hand (ridge hand)
11. Yubi HasamiThumb and forefinger scissors
12. Hira BasamiFull hand scissors
13. KoteBack of hand/forearm
14. KokenWrist
15. HijiElbow
16. HizaKnee
17. KoshuBack of heel
18. SokoInstep
19. JosokuteBall of foot
20. KasokuteHeel
21. SokutoOuter edge of foot


Stances
1. Heisoku DachiFeet together, close-toed stance
2. Musubi Dachi Feet together, open-toed stance
3. Namiheiko DachiParallel stance
4. Uchihachiji DachiInner figure eight stance
5. Sotohachiji DachiOuter figure eight stance
6. Shiko Dachi Sumo (side facing, square) stance
7. Heiko Dachi Forward parallel stance
8. Zenkutsu DachiForward (bent leg) stance
9. Kokutsu DachiBack (bent leg) stance
10. Nekoashi DachiCat feet stance
11. Renoji DachiTilted 'V' stance (standing cat stance)
12. Kosa DachiCrossed leg stance


Thrusting Techniques
1. Seiken TsukiSpear hand
2. Tateken TsukiForefist thrust
3. Uraken Tsuki Vertical forefist thrust
4. Hiraken Tsuki Inverted forefist thrust
5. Morote TsukiFour knuckle thrust (leopard punch)
6. Age TsukiTwo arm, two level thrust
7. Furi TsukiRising thrust
8. Wa ZsukiRound house thrust
9. IpponkenTwo arm, horizontal circle thrust
10. NukiteOne knuckle thrust


Striking Techniques
1. Shuto UchiSword hand (knife edge) strike
2. Kentsui Uchi Bottom fist strike (hammer fist)
3. Uraken UchiBack knuckle strike
4. Urashuto Inverted sword hand (ridge hand)
5. Shuho Mountain hand (back knuckles of a peaked hand)
6. HijiateElbow smash

Leg Techniques
1. Soko GeriInstep kick
2. Chudan Geri Ball of foot forward, middle area kick
3. Jodan GeriBall of foot forward, upper area kick
4. Hiza GeriKnee kick
5. FumioroshiToe stomping kick
6. Sokuto GeriSide, knife edge, lower area (knee level) kick
7. Yoko GeriSide, knife edge, middle area kick
8. Mawashi GeriRoundhouse, instep, middle area kick
9. Koshu GeriHeel back rising kick
10. HizagaeshiKnee sweeping across kick
11. JosokuteiBall of the foot
12. KasokuteiHeel of the foot

Upper Level Blocking Techniques
1. Age UkeRising block
2. Yoko UchiForearm inward block
3. UchiotoshiInside out circle forearm drop block
4. Yoko BaraiForearm outward side parry
5. Wa UkeTwo arm circle block
6. Tsuki UkeThrust block
7. Kosa UkeCrossed arms block
    a. closed hands, palms toward front
    b. open hands, palms away from each other to side
8. Kote UkeBack of hand block
9. SashiteInward sweeping palm block
10. Kara UkeEmpty or Void block
11. Ko UkeWrist block
12. Kuri UkeInside out, circle block with knife edge of hand

Middle Level Blocking Techniques
1. Yoko UkeForearm outward side block
2. Harai Uke Middle area downward parry
3. Wa Uke Two arm circular block
4. Kosa UkeCrossed arms block (palms downward)
5. NinoudeBack of forearm (hirakote) inward block
6. Shotei BaraiPalm heel block
7. Gassho UkePraying hands block
8. Ura Uke Inverted block (small circle with wrist)
9. Kensasae UkeTwo hand outward block, open hand support at fist
10. KaketeHooking hand block
11. Hiji UkeElbow block
12. Oura UkeLarge circle inverted forearm block
13. Yoko UchiForearm inward block
14. Yoko BaraiForearm outward side parry
15. UkenagashiInward palm sweeping block
16. Kote UkeBack of hand block
17. Ko UkeWrist block
18. Sukui UkeScooping block
19. Shuto UkeSword hand block
20. Hijisasae UkeTwo hand outward block, closed fist at elbow
21. HirayukiTwo hand knife edge pushing block
22. Kakiwake Wedge block
23. TsukidomeWithdrawing forearm block (after thrust)

Lower Level Blocking Techniques
1a. Harai UkeDownward block (when standing)
1b. Gedan BaraiDownward parry (when in deep stances)
2. Shuto BaraiSword hand parry
3. Ryote Sukui UkeTwo hand scooping block
4. Katate Sukui UkeOne hand scooping block
5. FurisuteScoop and throw block
6. Wa UkeTwo arm circular block
7. SukuidomeScoop and catch block
8. Kosa UkeCrossed arms block
9. HizagaeshiKnee sweeping across block


Special Training Concepts of Shito Ryu Karate


1. Tenshin Happo Eight Directions of Response
 

2. Hijiate Goho Five Direction
Elbow Strike Exercise
 
3. Tenpo Gosoku no Ho Five Methods of Body Shifting
Deasi stepping straight in
Hikiashistepping straight back
Yoriashishuffling
Mawariashispinning
Tobiashijumping/springing


4. Uke no Gogenri Five Methods of Defense
Rakka pulling or moving the attack downward
Ryusuimoving the attack to the side
Tenibody shifting away from the attack
Kusshin lowering the center of gravity
Hangekimeeting the attack with a counterattack


5. Kumite Engaging techniques with a partner
5a. Kihon Kumite
(Basic Kumite)
Ippon Single attack, one step
Nihon Two predefined attacks, one step
Sanbon Three predefined attacks, one step
Hukushiki Walking attacks
Kumite Kata Practicing applications of kata

5b. Oyo Kumite
(Application Kumite)
Hokei Four attackers
Mawari Circle of attackers
Jiyu Ippon Free style, one step
Jiyu Free style

Grafikken på denne siden er laget av Eivind Schjelle ved valkyrion.com